Jurisdiction Project

Annobon

Overview:
Annobon is an island belonging to Equatorial Guinea

Territory:
It is about 4 miles long and 2 miles wide (3km by 7km) with an area of 6¾ square miles. The island is an extinct volcano, contains a succession of beautiful valleys and steep mountains, and is covered with rich woods and luxuriant vegetation. It has a central crater lake with a maximum elevation of 654 meters above sea level. However, this is only the tip of a very large, mostly submarine volcano that rises ~4,200 meters off the sea floor.

Location:
An island in the Atlantic Ocean, south of São Tome and Principe, about 360 km off the Gabon coast, and 600 km south of Bioko island.Gulf of Guinea.

Latitude and Longitude:
1 degree 24' S. and 5 degrees 35' E.

Time Zone:
GMT +1

Total Land Area:
17

EEZ:

Climate:
Tropical, equatorial, always hot, humid, with frequent and abundant rainfall throughout the year

Natural Resources:
Oil in the Gulf of Guinea represents more than 80% of Equatorial Guinea's economy, and supplies from current reserves are predicted by some sources to run out in merely ten years. There are estimated to be 34,000,000,000 barrels of oil within the marine borders. Equatorial Guinea has claimed drilling rights a huge field of sea surrounding Annobon.

ECONOMY:

Total GDP:

Per Capita GDP:

% of GDP per Sector:
  Primary Secondary Tertiary

% of Population Employed by Sector
  Primary Secondary Tertiary

External Aid/Remittances:

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Labour Force:

Unemployment
Year: Unemployment Rate (% of pop.)

Industry:
The island's main industries are fishing and timber.

Niche Industry:
Small-scale tuna fishing and whaling

Tourism:

UP

Imports and Exports:



Tot. Value of Imports 0.00 ()
From Eu:
Import Partners (EU:)
Partners Outside EU:
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TRANSPORTATION/ACCESS

External:

Number of Airports:
A small airfield is situated near the village of Sao Antonio, but no descriptive information is available

Number of Main Ports:

Internal:

Air

Road:
The roadstead is tolerably safe

Sea:

Other Forms of Transportation:

Economic Zones:

Energy Policy:

   
Type
 
Sector
Year Total Energy Production (Mwh) Thermic (Mwh) Geothermic (Mwh) Other (Mwh) Total Energy Consumption (Mwh) Domestic (Mwh) Commercial (Mwh) Public Service (Mwh) Industry (Mwh) Public Lighting (Mwh)

UP

Official Currency:

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Number of Banks and Credit Unions:
Number of Agricultural Credit Unions:
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Financial Services:

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Marine Activity:

Fishing:
Small-scale tuna fishing and whaling

Marine Life:

Critical Issues:


JURISDICTIONAL RESOURCES

Capital:
The northern village of San Antonio de Palé.

Political System:

Political Parties:

Important Legislation:

Principal Taxes:

Associated Power:
Equatorial Guinea

Citizenship:

Paradiplomacy:


HUMAN RESOURCES

Island Area (km sq.) Population % of Total Population

Population:
Year Resident Population

Age of Population: 0-14 15-24 25-49 50-64 65 and up

UP

Migration:

Crude Birth Rate:

Life Expedctancy:

Crude Death Rate:

Ethnicity:
The Annobon Tribe lives, as its name implies, on the island of Annobon and constitutes only 1.6% of the Equato-Guinean population. Originally of Bantu origin from Angola, the Annobon people mixed with the Portuguese explorers and colonists who discovered and settled the island. Their language, Fa D’ambu, is a Portuguese/tribal mix, and they live primarily from fishing.

Class Division:

Languages:
Official language is Spanish. The main language is the Annobonese language called Fá d'Ambô, a Portuguese creole spoken by 9,000 in the Ano Bom and Fernando Póo Islands off the coast of Equatorial Guinea, mostly by people of mixed African, Spanish, and Portuguese descent.

Religion:

Literacy:
 

Education System:

Total Pre-schools:()
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Universities:

 

Number of Schools per Island:
 
Pre-school
Elementary
High-school
Prof.
University
 
Pub
Priv
1
2
3
Pub
Priv
Pub
Priv

 

Students Enrolled:
Year:
Pre-School
Elementary
High-school
Prof.
University


Teachers
Year
Pre-School
Elementary
High-School
Prof.
University
1
2
3


Medical Services:


HISTORY AND CULTURE

History:
 The island was discovered by the Portuguese on January 1, 1473, from which circumstance it received its name. The island was passed with Fernando Po and the Guinea coast (modern Equatorial Guinea) to Spain in 1778. When the island was discovered by Portugal in the 15th century it was uninhabited, but in the 18th century, Portugal exchanged it and some other territories in Africa for Uruguay with Spain. The populace of Annobon were against the shift and were hostile toward the Spaniards. The islanders revolted against their new masters and a state of anarchy ensued. In the latter part of the 19th century the authority of Spain was re-established. Today, the Spanish language is the official language and the inhabitants of the island are of mixed Portuguese, Spanish, and Angolan descent. The island briefly became part of the Elobey, Annobón, and Corisco colony until 1909. It was briefly named Pigalu or Pagalu during the last years of the reign of Francisco Macías Nguema.

Referenda:

Recent Significant Events:

Music, Dance, Handicraft and Patrimony:

Sources:

* Last access March 31, 2006 Encyclopedia Britanica Online http://www.britannica.com FAO Corporate Document Depository http://www.fao.org/documents/show_cdr.asp?url_file=/docrep/V8260B/V8260B0q.htm Islands of Sao Tome, Principe, and Annobon, West Africa http://volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/volc_images/africa/wafrica.html Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annobon Working Paper Sites of Political Science http://workingpapers.org/country/equatorial_guinea.htm

Equatorial Guinea http://guinea-equatorial.com/ 24th January 2008

Web Oficial de la Direccion General de Estadistica y Cuentas Nacionales - Equatorial Guinea http://www.dgecnstat-ge.org/ 24th January 2008

UP

Useful Links:
IslandStudies.ca
www.upei.ca
www.google.ca

Please address queries to:
Institute of Island Studies
University of Prince Edward Island (UPEI)
550 University Ave
Charlottetown, PE, Canada, C1A 4P3

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