Jurisdiction Project

Bornholm

Overview:
Bornholm is a Danish Island in the Baltic Sea. It is a municipality which covers the whole island.

Territory:
The island has a land area of 587square kilometres.

Location:
The island lies within the South Baltic Sea.

Latitude and Longitude:
55 15 N, 14 92 E

Time Zone:
GMT -1

Total Land Area:

EEZ:

Climate:

Natural Resources:

ECONOMY:

Total GDP:
2005 8,430,000,000.00 USD

Per Capita GDP:
2005 194,000.00 USD

% of GDP per Sector:
  Primary Secondary Tertiary
2005 238000000% 1372000000% 5534000000%

% of Population Employed by Sector
  Primary Secondary Tertiary

External Aid/Remittances:

Growth:

Labour Force:
2006 19,220

Unemployment
Year: Unemployment Rate (% of pop.)
2007 6.7%

Industry:

Niche Industry:

Tourism:

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Imports and Exports:



Tot. Value of Imports 0.00 ()
From Eu:
Import Partners (EU:)
Partners Outside EU:
Import Partners:
Tot. Value of Exports ()
To Eu:
Export Partners:
Partners Outside EU::
Export Partners:
Main Imports:
Main Exports:


TRANSPORTATION/ACCESS

External:

Number of Airports: 1
Bornholm has one airport. Bornholm Airport (Danish: Bornholms Lufthavn) is a Danish airport located 2.7 nautical miles (5 km) southeast of Rønne.

Number of Main Ports:
Bornholm is linked to mainland Sweden and Denmark by a network of ferry services.

Internal:

Air

Road:
In 2007 Bornholm had 1108km of total road network. The stock of passenger cars on the island, as at 2007, was 16,220.

Sea:

Other Forms of Transportation:

Economic Zones:

Energy Policy:
Around 60% of the island's electricity comes via a cable, which links Bornholm to the nordic electricity supply network with 40% being produced locally (combined power and heat production plus windturbines). Bornholm has for many years aimed at a green island concept. Since the mid 1980s the island has encouraged renewable energies, energy savings and energy savings. This policy is consistent with the efforts to reduce the impact of high oil prices, improve the local environment, create local employment and take advantage of ithe island's potential of local renewable energy sources. Since 1982 the percentage of total energy demand covered from renewable energy sources has increased from 5% to around 30%.

   
Type
 
Sector
Year Total Energy Production (Mwh) Thermic (Mwh) Geothermic (Mwh) Other (Mwh) Total Energy Consumption (Mwh) Domestic (Mwh) Commercial (Mwh) Public Service (Mwh) Industry (Mwh) Public Lighting (Mwh)
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

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Official Currency:

Banking and Insurance:
Number of Banks and Credit Unions:
Number of Agricultural Credit Unions:
Number of Insurance Companies:

 

Financial Services:

Communications/E-Commerce:

Public Ownership:

Land Use:

Agriculture/Forestry:

Marine Activity:

Fishing:

Marine Life:

Critical Issues:


JURISDICTIONAL RESOURCES

Capital:
Rønne

Political System:
Bornholm was one of the three last Danish municipalities not belonging to a County— the others being Copenhagen and Frederiksberg. On 1 January 2007, the municipality lost its county privileges and became part of Region Hovedstaden (i.e. the Copenhagen Capital Region). Bornholm Regional Municipality is the local authority covering the entire island. It comprises the five former municipalities on the island (Allinge-Gudhjem, Hasle, Nexø, Rønne and Aakirkeby) and the former Bornholm County. The seat of the municipal council is the island's main town, Rønne.

Political Parties:

Important Legislation:

Principal Taxes:

Associated Power:

Citizenship:

Paradiplomacy:


HUMAN RESOURCES

Island Area (km sq.) Population % of Total Population
2007 588 43,040 0.8%

Population:
Year Resident Population

Age of Population: 0-14 15-24 25-49 50-64 65 and up
2007 7108 4,102 12,557 10,648 8,525

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Migration:

Crude Birth Rate:
2006 0.8%

Life Expedctancy:

Crude Death Rate:
2006 1.3%

Ethnicity:

Class Division:

Languages:
Many inhabitants speak bornholmsk, a dialect of Danish that retains three grammatical genders, like Icelandic and most dialects of Norwegian, but unlike standard Danish.

Religion:

Literacy:
 

Education System:

Total Pre-schools:()
Total Primary Schools  
First Level:
Second Level:
Third Level:
Total Secondary Schools:
Total Professional Schools
Universities:

 

Number of Schools per Island:
 
Pre-school
Elementary
High-school
Prof.
University
 
Pub
Priv
1
2
3
Pub
Priv
Pub
Priv

 

Students Enrolled:
Year:
Pre-School
Elementary
High-school
Prof.
University


Teachers
Year
Pre-School
Elementary
High-School
Prof.
University
1
2
3


Medical Services:


HISTORY AND CULTURE

History:
 In Old Norse the island was known as Borgundarholm, and in ancient Danish especially the island's name was Borghand or Borghund; these names were related to Old Norse borg "height" and bjarg/berg "mountain, rock", as it is an island that rises high from the sea. Bornholm formed part of the historical Lands of Denmark when the nation united out of a series of petty chiefdoms. It was originally administratively part of the province of Scania and was administered by the Scanian Law after this was codified in the 13th century. Control over the island evolved into a long-raging dispute between the See of Lund and the Danish crown culminating in several battles. Bornholm, as a part of Denmark, was captured by Germany relatively early in the Second World War, and served as a lookout post and listening station during the war, as it was a part of the eastern front. The island's perfect central position in the Baltic Sea meant that it was an important "natural fortress" between Germany and Sweden, effectively keeping submarines and destroyers away from Nazi occupied waters.

Referenda:

Recent Significant Events:

Music, Dance, Handicraft and Patrimony:

Sources:

Statistics Denmark http://www.statistikbanken.dk 22nd December 2007

Bornholm Airport Wikipedia Encyclopedia 10th January 2008

Island Law: Island Jurisdictions Index, http://www.macmeekin.com/Library/Jurisds/Bornholm.htm 10th December 2007 Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bornholm 10th December 2007

European Islands Network on Energy & Environment http://www.europeanislands.net/?secid=2&pid=16& 10th January 2008

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Useful Links:
IslandStudies.ca
www.upei.ca
www.google.ca

Please address queries to:
Institute of Island Studies
University of Prince Edward Island (UPEI)
550 University Ave
Charlottetown, PE, Canada, C1A 4P3

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